Research paid for by public funds should be freely accessible such that society as a whole can benefit. Research data must also be reusable where possible. In the current situation, research data is not yet everywhere managed and published according to agreed standards and system, and is therefore difficult to find or reusable. The corona crisis once again underlines the importance of open access to scientific results, in such a way that they are also easily reusable. A lot of (inter) national coordination is required in the transition to FAIR data.

The Dutch infrastructure for storage and management of research data has central and decentral characteristics. Research performing organisations have different solutions for daily storage needs, for secured international cooperation and for archiving. National Programme Open Science (NPOS) underlines the reusability of research data by using FAIR principles regarding research data that go hand in hand with publications. The FAIR data programme aims to achieve good facilities and other preconditions for the optimal (re) use of research data in the Netherlands, in coordination with European (and international) developments.


Citizen Science

In citizen science projects, scientists conduct research together with non-scientists, in which the use of the latter is essential for good results. Results that often could not be achieved within the academic world alone, which enriches the range of research results. Citizen science is strongly related to transdisciplinary research, in which not only the combination of multiple scientific disciplines, but also the collaboration between scientific and social parties is essential to solve major scientific and social problems.

Many universities and institutes in the Netherlands have gained experience with citizen science. In a number of areas, our country has proven to be a pioneer with high-profile projects, ranging from research into particulate matter, to medieval texts, to benthic animals to, recently, research into burial mounds. These projects were often initiated by scientists, sometimes by other social actors. In order to anchor citizen science into the scientific process and to promote collaboration between science and society, further steps must be taken. Therefore a separate program within the National Program Open Science gives direction to the Dutch ambitions in this area by stimulating learning from each other's experiences and by providing tools to policymakers, initiators and funders. Citizen science projects open up (among other things) data collection, data analysis and other aspects of the scientific process.


Recognition & Rewarding

A factor that should not be underestimated in the transition to Open Science is the parallel transition to a new way of recognition and rewarding in science, as expressed in the recent position paper "Room for everyone's talent". The remuneration and promotion policy of knowledge institutions must vigorously reward open science initiatives in order to make these initiatives mainstream. From 2021 onwards, open science will be an integral part of the Strategic Evaluation Protocol for the evaluation of research groups at knowledge institutions.

Open Science Policy / NPOS

In the first half of 2016, during the Dutch Presidency of the European Union, the Amsterdam Call for Action on Open Science gave a strong impetus to the transition to open science. As an elaboration of this, ten national knowledge organizations (GO-FAIR, KB, KNAW, NFU, NWO, PNN, SURF, VH, VSNU, ZonMw) have signed the National Plan Open Science. At the beginning of 2020, this was transformed into a National Program Open Science , with concrete projects divided over three program lines:
1.    Open Access
2.    FAIR data
3.    Citizen Science
Recognition and rewarding is a theme that recurs in all program lines.